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Dental Treatments

Dental Implants

Dental implantation – what is it?

A dental implant is the artificial root of the tooth. During implantation, the implant is screwed into the jaw. It replaces the root of the missing natural tooth. When the implant is attached, an artificial tooth, called a dental crown, is screwed on it.

Loss of tooth implants allows us to restore the root of the tooth and perform prosthetics, without damaging the adjacent teeth. The prosthesis restores the 80% of the chewing function. This means that the patient can completely chew soft and hard food, but must avoid very solid foods, such as fried bread and nuts.

Implants hold an artificial crown or dental bridges in the same way that the roots hold the tooth in place. Dental implants help to recover lost teeth without damaging nearby teeth. Implants can restore an individual tooth or the entire toothless jaw.

Dental implantation procedure consists of the following main steps:

  • Consultation, preparation of a treatment plan
  • Implantation, temporary prostheses
  • Control
  • Permanent crown prosthesis on implants

When it’s necessary to perform dental implantation

Now the information is only presented about what happens when teeth are not restored in time. There is no specific time for this procedure, but it should not be delayed.

Dental implantation – is the most advanced and effective way to restore chewing function when one or more teeth are missing. Modern methods allow you to successfully apply implantation even when all teeth are missing in the jaw. Implantation is also used for stabilization of prosthetic appliances.

If the teeth are not restored for a longer period of time, the amount of bone decreases, the adjacent teeth turn to the side of the defect, the teeth in front lengthen. When more teeth are lost, even a person’s face changes – the cheeks, lips are stuffed, the nose and chin look protruded, the person looks visually older. Not only appearance, but also health, psychological well-being and self-esteem will suffer.

All-On-4 Implants

All-on-4® method changes the entire course of dental treatment, shortens the time of procedures and significantly reduces costs. This method avoids complicated bone augmentation procedures.

The unique All-on-4® treatment is suitable for people who have lost most or all of their teeth and have traditionally been offered removable dentures. This method uses only 4 instead of 6-8 implants to completely restore the teeth of one jaw. This method often helps to avoid complicated bone augmentation procedures.

What are the advantages of All On Four implant technique?

We can list the advantages of All On Four treatment as stated below:

  • There is the opportunity to apply fixed dental prosthesis with a single surgery to patients without teeth.  
  • As no advanced surgery like sinus elevation or addition of bones are applied, operation is much easier.
  • Period of dental implant surgery is much shorter.
  • As number of dental implants used are less and no additional surgical process is required, its cost is lower than classic dental implant treatment.
  • It provides an aesthetic appearance and smiling line that is planned individually for people. 
  • It is much easier to clean and take care of them when compared with fixed dental prosthesis on classic dental implants.
  • It is suitable for patients who can not use mobile dental prosthesis and who have nausea reflex.
  • Its design is different from full dental prosthesis. As it does not cover the patient’s palate, it is much easier to get used to it amd to use them.
  • As number of required treatment sessions is low, it is appropriate for patients residing abroad.

To whom can All On Four implant technique be applied?

All On Four treatment can be applied to all patients without teeth (not having any teeth) who don’t have any systematic disease that could create an obstacle for dental implant surgery and who have sufficient bone mass.

Dental Bridge

If you have missing teeth, including front teeth, a dental bridge can help restore the look and function of your teeth. It bridges the gap where the missing tooth is. Talk to a dental professional to find out if it’s right for you.

Dental bridges can help if you have a missing tooth or teeth. The most common causes of missing teeth are tooth decay, gum disease and injury. Or you may have been born with missing teeth due to a congenital condition. To get a dental bridge, you need healthy teeth on either side of the missing ones.

Root Canal

Root canal treatment (endodontics) is a dental procedure used to treat infection at the centre of a tooth. Root canal treatment is not painful and can save a tooth that might otherwise have to be removed completely.

Why it’s needed

The infection at the centre of a tooth (the root canal) is caused by bacteria that live in the mouth and invade the tooth. This can happen after:

  • tooth decay
  • leaky fillings
  • damage to teeth as a result of trauma, such as a fall

Tooth structure 

A tooth is made up of 2 parts. The crown is the top part of the tooth that’s visible in the mouth. The root extends into the bone of the jaw, anchoring the tooth in position.

Teeth also consist of:

  • enamel – the hard outer coating
  • dentine – a softer material that supports the enamel and forms most of the tooth
  • cementum – a hard material that coats the root’s surface
  • dental pulp – the soft tissue at the centre of the tooth

The root canal system contains the dental pulp and extends from the crown of the tooth to the end of the root. A single tooth can have more than 1 root canal.

When root canal treatment is needed

Root canal treatment is needed when dental X-rays show that the pulp has been damaged by a bacterial infection. The pulp may become inflamed if it’s infected by bacteria, allowing the bacteria to multiply and spread.The symptoms of a pulp infection include:

  • pain when eating or drinking hot or cold food and drink
  • pain when biting or chewing
  • a loose tooth

As the infection progresses, these symptoms often disappear as the pulp dies. Your tooth then appears to have healed, but the infection has in fact spread through the root canal system.

You eventually get further symptoms such as:

  • pain when biting or chewing returning
  • swelling of the gum near the affected tooth
  • pus oozing from the affected tooth
  • a swollen cheek or jaw
  • the tooth becoming a darker colour

It’s important to see your dentist if you develop toothache. If your tooth is infected, the pulp cannot heal by itself.

Leaving the infected tooth in your mouth may make it worse.

There may also be less chance of the root canal treatment working if the infection within your tooth becomes established. Antibiotics, a medicine to treat bacterial infections, are not effective in treating root canal infections. They can though help to treat infection that spreads beyond the root and causes swelling.

Dental Fillings

Dental fillings are single or combinations of metals, plastics, glass or other materials used to repair or restore teeth. One of the most popular uses of fillings is to “fill” an area of tooth that your dentist has removed due to decay – “a cavity.” Fillings are also used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth that have been worn down from misuse (such as from nail-biting or tooth grinding).

What materials are dental fillings made from?

Dental filling materials include:

  • Gold.
  • Porcelain.
  • Silver amalgam (contains mercury mixed with silver, tin, zinc, and copper).
  • Tooth-colored, plastic and glass materials called composite resin fillings.

The location and extent of the decay, cost of filling material, your insurance coverage and your dentist’s recommendation help determine the type of filling that will best address your needs.


  • Gold: Lasts at least 10 to 15 years, some say gold presents a pleasing appearance.
  • Silver fillings (amalgams): Lasts at least 10 to 15 years, less expensive than composite fillings.
  • Tooth-colored composite fillings: Shade can be closely matched to color of existing teeth, bonds to existing tooth providing additional support, commonly used for repairs other than cavity filling, sometimes less tooth needs to be removed compared with amalgams.
  • Ceramics/porcelain: Lasts more than 15 years, more resistant to staining than composite resin material.
  • Glass ionomer (acrylic and a specific type of glass material): Mostly used for fillings below the gum line, releases fluoride that can help protect from further tooth decay.


  • Gold: More expensive than other materials, may require more than one office visit to place.
  • Silver: May require more tooth to be removed to make space large enough to hold filling, creates grayish hue to the surrounding tooth structure, may have higher risk of tooth cracks and fractures due to wider degree of expansion and contraction, allergic potential in some people.
  • Tooth-colored composite fillings: Lasts at least five years (less than the 10 to 15 years of other materials), may chip off tooth depending on location, can cost up to twice as much as amalgams, can take more time to place and/or additional visits.
  • Ceramics: Can cost as much as gold.
  • Glass ionomer: Is weaker than composite resin, more likely to wear and prone to fracture, lasts five years or less, costs comparable to composite fillings.


What are porcelain crowns?

  Porcelain crowns are made from dental porcelain that is shaped to replicate the appearance of a natural tooth.Porcelain crowns are strong and resilient; although they do age just likely your regular teeth and can need repairs or replacement if they become too damaged with time.

What treatment options are there for changing the shape of my teeth?

  There are several different treatment options that can be used to help you get the look and shape for your teeth that you prefer. Whether you’d like your teeth to be a little longer, have smaller spaces between your teeth or to repair and cover up chips.

What is a denture?

  If, for whatever reason, you are unlucky enough to have lost all or some of your teeth, you will need dentures to replace them; you may have a full denture (replacing all the teeth), or a partial denture (replacing some of your teeth). You usually only remove your dentures for cleaning.

What is a dental crown?

  Whether they are called dental crowns, dental caps or tooth caps, damaged, broken or worn down teeth are covered by a crown, as a way to strengthen the teeth and improve the cosmetic appearance. Your dentist will make moulds of your which are then sent to a dental laboratory where the crown/s are made.

What are veneers?

  Veneers are thin, tooth-coloured porcelain or glass/plastic layers fixed onto the front of your teeth that can be a suitable option if you have teeth with gaps, that are stained, discoloured, broken or chipped, crowded-in or crooked, oddly-shaped or badly-aligned.